Wednesday, February 23, 2011

A 50 Year Mistake

As Rahm Emanuel said recently, "You never want a serious crisis to go to waste". Let's not waste the terrible financial crisis most states and the federal government are in. Let's use it to correct a 50 year mistake - allowing public sector employees to strike against the public interest to get their way. Both Franklin Roosevelt and Samuel Gompers once said that it was a mistake. Let's fix it now. We may never have another chance.

It is also the only way out of the financial mess we are in.

Government Unions Have Not Benefited the Public

By Jonah Goldberg February 23, 2011 RealClearPolitics

The protesting public school teachers with fake doctor's notes swarming the Capitol building in Madison, Wis., insist that Gov. Scott Walker is hell-bent on "union busting" in their state. Walker denies that his effort to reform public sector unions in Wisconsin is anything more than an honest attempt at balancing the state's books.

I hope the protesters are right. Public unions have been a 50-year mistake.

A crucial distinction has been lost in the debate over Walker's proposals: Government unions are not the same thing as private sector unions.

Traditional, private sector unions were born out of an often bloody adversarial relationship between labor and management. It's been said that during World War I, U.S. soldiers had better odds of surviving on the front lines than miners did in West Virginia coal mines. Mine disasters were frequent; hazardous conditions were the norm. In 1907, the Monongah mine explosion claimed the lives of 362 West Virginia miners. Day-to-day life often resembled serfdom, with management controlling vast swaths of the miners' lives. And before unionization and many New Deal-era reforms, Washington had little power to reform conditions by legislation.

Meanwhile, government unions have no such narrative on their side.

Do you recall the Great DMV cave-in of 1959? How about the travails of second-grade teachers recounted in Upton Sinclair's famous schoolhouse sequel to "The Jungle"? No? Don't feel bad, because no such horror stories exist.

Government workers were making good salaries in 1962 when President Kennedy lifted, by executive order (so much for democracy), the federal ban on government unions. Civil service regulations and similar laws had guaranteed good working conditions for generations.

The argument for public unionization wasn't moral, economic or intellectual. It was rankly political.

Traditional organized labor, the backbone of the Democratic Party, was beginning to lose ground. As Daniel DiSalvo wrote in "The Trouble with Public Sector Unions," in the fall issue of National Affairs, JFK saw how in states such as New York and Wisconsin, where public unions were already in place, local liberal pols benefited politically and financially. He took the idea national.

The plan worked. Public union membership skyrocketed and government union support for the party of government skyrocketed with it. From 1989 to 2004, AFSCME - the American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees - gave nearly $40 million to candidates in federal elections, with 98.5% going to Democrats, according to the Center for Responsive Politics.

Why would local government unions give so much in federal elections? Because government workers have an inherent interest in boosting the amount of federal tax dollars their local governments get. Put simply, people in the government business support the party of government.

And this gets to the real insidiousness of government unions. Wisconsin labor officials fairly note that they've acceded to many of their governor's specific demands - that workers contribute to their pensions and healthcare costs, for example. But they don't want to lose the right to collective bargaining.

But that is exactly what they need to lose.

Private sector unions fight with management over an equitable distribution of profits. Government unions negotiate with politicians over taxpayer money, putting the public interest at odds with union interests and, as we've seen in states such as California and Wisconsin, exploding the cost of government. The labor-politician negotiations can't be fair when the unions can put so much money into campaign spending. Victor Gotbaum, a leader in the New York City chapter of AFSCME, summed up the problem in 1975 when he boasted, "We have the ability, in a sense, to elect our own boss."

This is why FDR believed that "the process of collective bargaining, as usually understood, cannot be transplanted into the public service," and why even George Meany, the first head of the AFL-CIO, held that it was "impossible to bargain collectively with the government."

As it turns out, it's not impossible; it's just terribly unwise. It creates a dysfunctional system where for some, growing government becomes its own reward. You can find evidence of this dysfunction everywhere. The Cato Institute's Michael Tanner notes that federal education spending has risen by 188% in real terms since 1970, but we've seen no significant improvement in test scores.

The unions and the protesters in Wisconsin see Walker's reforms as a potential death knell for government unions. My response? If only.

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At 2:02 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

The very first thing I did when I retired from a town after 32 years was to get out of A.F.S.C.M.E. I'm not saying that I never voted for political reps with a D. after their name. In all honesty, I was guilty of that because I really didn't know any better back then. I didn't realize that these same Liberal hacks I was voting for were trying to take my guns away from me and the union that I belonged to was in turn donating my money to them.
We had collective bargaining, but we never had final and binding arbitration, and as public employees, it was unlawful for us to go on strike. Our health care was Blue Cross and Blue Shield Master Medical and I paid 50% of it. The town picked up the other 50% or 50%/50%. Later on it went to 25%/75% which was almost like getting a raise. Today I have an HMO Blue New England plan and it's 20%/80%. I'm paying about $380 a month.
I have a cousin in my city who retired as a school principal in the RI school system and he pays 0%. The very least that they can do is pay the same percentage for their health care I'm paying. Why should I have to pay for someone else's health care? As a retired public employee and an ex member of A.F.S.C.M.E., I stand with Wisconsin's Governor Scott Walker and Ohio's Governor, John Kaschich.
It's time to get real. The money has to come from somewhere and they can't print it as Obama has been doing.


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